Guide des Organigrammes – Algorithme : Cours et Exercices

Guide des Organigrammes - Algorithme : Cours et Exercices

Guide des Organigrammes – Algorithme : Cours et Exercices

Avant de se lancer dans la programmation, il serait intéressant d’avoir une idée claire sur la structure du programme.

Pour cela, nous pouvons représenter le programme avec un algorithme ou un organigramme.

Le premier se présente dans une structure linéaire comme un programme et le deuxième permet d’avoir une représentation graphique qui facilite encore mieux la compréhension.

Faire un organigramme peut s’avérer très utile par exemple dans le travail en groupe. Dans ces conditions plusieurs intervenants participent à la programmation et la modification du code. Ces modifications peuvent être représentées plus rapidement et facilement à l’aide d’organigrammes. Les organigrammes permettent même d’éclairer le concepteur lui-même sur des idées qu’il avait eu. La réalisation d’un organigramme est tout aussi importante que de mettre des commentaires dans le programme. Il est donc important de savoir cette méthodologie de représentation.

Algorithme : Un algorithme est un énoncé d’une suite d’opérations permettant de donner la réponse à un problème.

Organigramme : C’est une représentation graphique de l’algorithme. Pour le construire, on utilise des symboles normalisés.

Plan du Guide des Organigrammes
  • Introduction
  • Définitions
    • Algorithme
    • Organigramme
  • La norme ISO 5807
    • Symboles
    • Exemple
  • Les structures alternatives
    • SI.. ALORS…[IF… THEN…]
    • SI.. ALORS… SINON…[IF… THEN… ELSE…]
  • Les structures itératives ou répétitives
    • TANTQUE.. FAIRE…[WHILE… DO…]
    • FAIRE.. JUSQU’A…[DO… UNTIL…]
    • POUR.. FAIRE…[FOR… DO…]
  • Exercices
    • Exercise1
    • Exercise 2

Télécharger le Guide des Organigrammes PDF

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